sqlite3 帮助手册

作者:fly 发布于:2015-3-10 13:51 分类:Linux



.backup ?DB? FILE      Backup DB (default "main") to FILE

.bail on|off                   Stop after hitting an error.  Default OFF

.clone NEWDB               Clone data into NEWDB from the existing database

.databases                     List names and files of attached databases

.dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format

                                If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching

                                LIKE pattern TABLE.

.echo on|off                   Turn command echo on or off

.eqp on|off                    Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN

.exit                          Exit this program

.explain ?on|off?              Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off.

                                    With no args, it turns EXPLAIN on.

.fullschema                    Show schema and the content of sqlite_stat tables

.headers on|off                Turn display of headers on or off

.help                          Show this message

.import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE

.indices ?TABLE?           Show names of all indices

                                If TABLE specified, only show indices for tables

                                    matching LIKE pattern TABLE.

.load FILE ?ENTRY?     Load an extension library

.log FILE|off                  Turn logging on or off.  FILE can be stderr/stdout

.mode MODE ?TABLE?     Set output mode where MODE is one of:

                        ascii    Columns/rows delimited by 0x1F and 0x1E

                        csv      Comma-separated values

                        column   Left-aligned columns.  (See .width)

                        html     HTML <table> code

                        insert   SQL insert statements for TABLE

                        line     One value per line

                        list     Values delimited by .separator strings

                        tabs     Tab-separated values

                        tcl      TCL list elements

.nullvalue STRING      Use STRING in place of NULL values

.once FILENAME         Output for the next SQL command only to FILENAME

.open ?FILENAME?       Close existing database and reopen FILENAME

.output ?FILENAME?     Send output to FILENAME or stdout

.print STRING...       Print literal STRING

.prompt MAIN CONTINUE  Replace the standard prompts

.quit                  Exit this program

.read FILENAME         Execute SQL in FILENAME

.restore ?DB? FILE     Restore content of DB (default "main") from FILE

.save FILE             Write in-memory database into FILE

.scanstats on|off      Turn sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus() metrics on or off

.schema ?TABLE?        Show the CREATE statements

                        If TABLE specified, only show tables matching

                        LIKE pattern TABLE.

.separator COL ?ROW?   Change the column separator and optionally the row

                        separator for both the output mode and .import

.shell CMD ARGS...     Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell

.show                  Show the current values for various settings

.stats on|off          Turn stats on or off

.system CMD ARGS...    Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell

.tables ?TABLE?        List names of tables

                        If TABLE specified, only list tables matching

                        LIKE pattern TABLE.

.timeout MS            Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds

.timer on|off          Turn SQL timer on or off

.trace FILE|off        Output each SQL statement as it is run

.vfsname ?AUX?         Print the name of the VFS stack

.width NUM1 NUM2 ...   Set column widths for "column" mode

                        Negative values right-justify



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